Research from POHSEY partners:

Medical Providers Understanding of Sex Trafficking and Their Experience With At-Risk Patients
Pediatrics Volume 135 Number 4 April 2015; www.pediatrics.org/cgi/doi/10.1542/peds.2014-2814
Megan E. Beck, BS, Megan M. Lineer, BS, Marlene Melzer-Lange, MD, Pippa Simpson, PhD, Melodee Nugent, MA, Angela Rabbitt, DO

Background and Objectives: Sex trafficking (ST) victims have unique medical and mental health needs and are often difficult to identify. Our objectives were to evaluate knowledge gaps and training needs of medical providers, to demonstrate the importance of provider training to meet the pediatric ST victim’s specific needs, and to highlight barriers to the identification of and response to victims.

The Medical Response to Sex Trafficking of Minors in Wisconsin
Wisconsin Medical Journal, April 2015
Angela Rabbitt, DO, FAAP

Abstract: Medical professionals are in a unique position to identify and assist pediatric victims of sex trafficking, who experience a high prevalence of physical, mental, and sexual health problems. However, providers report a need for education and guidelines for medical care of this population. A literature review was conducted on the nature and scope of pediatric sex trafficking in Wisconsin, the medical and mental health needs of victims, and existing guidelines for medical management. Few existing medical guidelines for the care of trafficking victims are specific to pediatrics or include specific recommendations for the forensic medical evaluation. Because of legislation and resources specific to Wisconsin, national guidelines may not apply locally. Based on the literature review, as well as input from community partners and medical professionals who frequently provide services to victims, guidelines for the medical care of pediatric sex trafficking victims in Wisconsin were developed. Additional community barriers that may prevent an effective medical response also are discussed.

Additional research:

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: A Guide for the Health Care Sector (2013) Institute of Medicine/National Research Council Report

This guide is intended to raise awareness of these opportunities so that health care professionals will be better equipped to fulfill their important role in preventing, recognizing, and responding to commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking among the youth in their care.